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Impact wrenches are unique in size, with each size having a distinct function. While some people know the right size to use for specific projects, some don’t, especially in DIY projects like removing lug nuts. So, what size impact wrench for lug nuts should you use?
What Size Impact Wrench for Lug Nuts?
A good impact wrench for lug nuts should measure ⅜-inch or ½-inch. These two sizes provide enough power to remove even the toughest lug nuts without applying excessive torque. Using too much torque could strip your lug nut.
The ½-inch size impact wrench is the most common for this type of job. While it’s powerful enough, it’s also a bit more expensive. You may need to fit your other sockets occasionally, so we advise that you consider the rest of the sockets in your possession.
1/2-Inch Impact Wrench
The 1/2-Inch can handle mid-sized charts and offers a good balance and power. It also provides more comfort, and you can use them to remove nuts and bolts without using too much force or causing any damages to your lug nuts.
Most people prefer using the 1/2 –inch wrench because it is versatile and you can use it in several easy projects. Especially in small tasks that you cannot do with smaller, less powerful wrenches.
The 1/2-inch wrench is mostly available in pistol grip form. The inline types are uncommon because of the increased torque they give back to the user. Using inline 1/2 –inch wrenches also requires tools with larger handles.
The ⅜-inch impact wrenches are also common in pistol grip form. You can also find them in a unique inline form referred to as the butterfly wrench with a large, flat throttle paddle. The paddle tilts to either side to control the rotational direction instead of applying a reversing control.
The shape of this impact wrench allows you to access lug nuts in tight spaces. Regular inline or angle 3/8-inch impact wrenches are not so common although you can still find them.
Using Impact Wrenches for Lug Nuts
Impact wrenches are stronger and better than impact drivers for this task. Some impact wrench models are strong enough to provide up to 220 lbs-ft in torque. With that force, you will break loose even the toughest and most rigid lug nuts. Even with that, we recommend that you apply an impact wrench appropriately.
If you are dealing with more rigid and tighter nuts, it would be best to use the full-sized and more powerful impact wrenches. Also, take care not to confuse between an impact wrench and an impact driver.
While the impact wrench is ideal in tightening or removing lug nuts, the impact driver is useful in drilling and driving screws. It is perfect for loosening your lug nut with an impact wrench that requires more power. That way, you will find it easy to use an impact driver afterward.
How Much Torque Should I Apply on My Car Wheel Lug Nuts?
You need torque of between 80 to 100lb-ft to remove a lug nut from a car wheel. This force is enough to keep the nuts tight enough so they don’t come out, yet not too tight to prevent an impact driver from removing them.
If you’re tightening your lug nuts with an impact wrench, do so until the driver ceases to rotate. After that, tighten it one more time with a standard lug wrench. Manufacturers have unique specifications on the amount of torque that is right for their nuts.
For example, a small BMW car will require a torque between 80-105lb-ft while a Ford F-350 requires up to 165 lb-ft. It is always essential to read the manufacturer’s instructions on tightening components. Going beyond the specified limits might damage your impact wrench and lug nuts.
Effects of Over Torquing a Lug Nut
Over torquing your lug nuts may cause three problems: the nut may crack, loosen or break. If you force it to this level, then you may not use that same nut again. This could also damage your wheel or other vulnerable components that sit next to the bolt.
Other damages that come with over-torquing your lug nuts include,
- Strip out the threads
- Damaging the seating surfaces of the alloy wheels
- Warping the brake rotors and causing your locomotive to overheat or pulse when you apply the brakes.
With all these potential damages and problems, over-torquing a lug nut could be a costly mistake. To avoid such, it would be best if you learned how to tighten and remove your lug nuts effectively.
Can I Use Ordinary Sockets with Impact Wrenches?
No, you should not attempt to use an ordinary socket with impact wrenches because they are not compatible. If you plan to use impact wrenches, then get dedicated impact wrench sockets. They are the best and ensure that you do not slip when working.
Is It Okay To Hand-Tighten A Lug Nut?
Yes, it’s okay to hand-tighten a lug nut. However, we don’t recommend this since the lug nut will not be as tight as when you use an impact wrench. Therefore, the lug might come off while driving and probably lead to a serious accident.
When removing a lug nut, you need the right impact on wrenches size. Also, consider factors like the socket compatibility of the socket and thread direction. We hope that after reading the above article, you will have no problems removing a lug nut.